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Petroleum Engineering: Home

What is Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Exploration, by earth scientists, and petroleum engineering are the oil and gas industry's two main subsurface disciplines, which focus on maximizing economic recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs. Petroleum geology and geophysics focus on provision of a static description of the hydrocarbon reservoir rock, while petroleum engineering focuses on estimation of the recoverable volume of this resource using a detailed understanding of the physical behavior of oil, water and gas within porous rock at very high pressure.

The combined efforts of geologists and petroleum engineers throughout the life of a hydrocarbon accumulation determine the way in which a reservoir is developed and depleted, and usually they have the highest impact on field economics. Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and petroleum production engineering.

Subject Classification for Petroleum Engineering

Subject Class/Call Number
Energy industries. Energy policy. Fuel trade HD9502-9502.5
Mineral industries. Metal trade HD9506-9624
Chemical industries HD9650-9663
Mechanical industries. Including electric utilities, electronic industries, and machinery HD9680-9714
Mining engineering. Metallurgy TN1-997
Mineral deposits. Metallic ore deposits. Prospecting TN263-271
Practical mining operations. Safety measures TN275-325
Mine transportation, haulage and hoisting. Mining machinery TN331-347
Ore deposits and mining of particular metals TN400-580
Metallurgy TN600-799
Nonmetallic minerals TN799.5-948
Building and ornamental stones TN950-997
Chemical technology TP1-1185
Chemical engineering TP155-156
Chemicals: Manufacture, use, etc. TP200-248
Biotechnology TP248.13-248.65
Industrial electrochemistry TP250-261
Explosives and pyrotechnics TP267.5-301
Fuel TP315-360
Low temperature engineering. Cryogenic engineering. Refrigeration TP480-498
Oils, fats, and waxes TP670-699
Petroleum refining. Petroleum products TP690-692.5
Illuminating industries (Nonelectric) TP700-746
Gas industry TP751-762

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